Michael Engels (Ingle) Biography


Michael's father, Johann Peter Sr arrived on the ship Barclay in October 1754 at the port of Philadelphia but does not appear in MD until 1762. It is believed that Michael was born in this period as his tombstone date in Ohio can be extrapolated back to June 19, 1759. Accounts in the Pennsylvania in the late 1700's cite him as the brother of Clement Engle therefore it was assumed that his parents to be Johann Peter Sr and wife Susanna Vautrin. In 2002 it was discovered that Michael Engels baptism was recorded by Jacob Lischy as can be found in his private record as shown below and in the attached figure. These records were made when Reverend Lischy was baptizing and preaching in York County in places like Cordelus Township where the Ulrich family resided. It is also clear that Michael was named after the senior Michael Ulrich.

Baptisms for July 20, 1760 by Jacob Lischy
Child Parents Sponsors
John Michael John Peter Engels
John Michael Ulrich
Anna Maria

This is clear and convincing proof that Michael was the son of Johann Peter Engels Sr and brother of Clemens.


The earliest records we have of an adult Michael are in Elk Lick Twp, Bedford CO., now Somerset Co. Pennsylvania. His brother Clemens is in Elk Lick by 1775 so maybe his 16 year old brother Michael came with him. Whether Michael married Catherine Swartzel in PA or MD is unknown at this time. One account suggests she was born in Germany which may explain why no Swartzels have yet been found in Salisbury or Frederick records, although there are Swartz in Berlin PA at that time. Michael would have been about 26 and Catherine 20 when they were married which is the norm for these Germans.

Their children's births and christening records for the first two appear in the Berlin Church, John and Jacob. This Reformed Church was first established in the county in 1777 in Berlin. The Lutheran and Reformed congregations joined together to build a church and school in Berlin - later the Lutheran sold their share of the school to the Reformers for $10. In 1800 the Lutheran congregation built a two story log building on the site of the Lutheran cemetery.

The Laurel Messenger of Feb. 1990 lists the confirmations of May 13, 1789 at the Casselman River (Salisbury) that includes a Michael Engle and a Catherine Engle who we must suppose, is his wife.

The 1790 census in Bedford Co. lists Michael, two males under 16, and 2 females. This could indicate that Michael and Catherine arrived with a baby girl born in Maryland or in route and she passed away sometime after the 1790 census. If such a birth occurred why does her birth record not show up in a Berlin or Frederick church? Maybe it was simply a female relative?

Michael Jr up through Abraham's birth records can be found in the St Johns Reformed Church of Salisbury where Michael is using the spelling Engle for his surname. While the St Johns record covers the period from 13 May 1789 to 4 Nov. 1801 there is no entry for Adam and also no other entries for 1795 or 1796. So Adam could have been born here according to family legend. It is believed that the rest of the children were born in Ohio. After moving to Newberry OH, Michael chose to use the spelling of Ingle for the rest of his life.

Children of: Michael Ingle & Catherine Swartzel
Baby girl bef 1787 aft 1790  
John 20 Dec 1787   Mary Jenkins
Margaret Spiers
Jacob 21 Jan 1789    
Michael Jr 13 Jan 1793   Rachel Hanks
Phillip 13 Jan 1793   Betsy Feace
Margaret Smith
Abraham 22 May 1794   Elizabeth Jenkins
Adam 2 Feb 1796 4 Mar 1853 Susan Moore
Henry 1798   Rachel Freeman
Mathias Mathew 1800   Catherine Barn
Catherine 1 Mar 1802   Frederick Yount
Eve 1803   William Yount
Sarah 31 Aug 1804   Alexander Dickey

The census of 1790 lists for Clemence Engle:
1 male >16:Michael the father
2 males <16: John and Jacob
2 females: Mother Catherine and baby girl (No name has been found for this reported daughter)

One record we find of Michael in Pennsylvania is a copy of Orphans Court Order's that can be found in the Laurel Messenger in 1793:

20 February 1792 --On motion of Joseph Nawgel Esq. and at a special request of John Fike, surviving administrator of Peter Foust deceased, the court appointed Solomon Gladfelty guardian over the persons and estates of Abraham & Elizabeth Foust, minor children of the said Peter Faust dec'd, under 14 years.
On the motion and request of John Fike, the court appointed Michael Ingle guardian over the persons and estates of, John, Margaret, Sara & Susannah, minor children of the said Peter Faust, dec'd under the age of 14 . Mary Foust, over 14, chose Michael Ingle as guardian. He being approved by the court is herby appointed Guardian over the persons and estates of Mary during her minority.

More court actions were posted in a Somerset Cty Query: CLARK, ENGLE posted by Emma Becraft on Friday, March 28, 1997 taken from the "The Bedford County Archives" Volume I, Edited by James B. Whisker (pp 55, 56, 64)

7 January 1791--Peter Foust, dec'd (-1790) Mary, widow. c: Abraham, Elizabeth, John, Margaret, Sara, Susannah, Mary Foust / Faust Peter Foust, dec'd.
Mary, widow.
Adm: John Fisher
Bonds: Clements Ingle, Michael Ingle, all of Elk Lick Twp.
28 January 1793--Upon application by Memorial of Jacob Glassner, Jr and on motion of W. Nawgle the court appointed Jacob Glassner Jr., & George Burket as joint guardians over John, Peggy, Sally & Susannah Foust, minor children of Peter Foust, dec'd, in place of Michael Ingle, late guardian.

It is hard to tell how faithfully the court order was copied in both instances but there are several mysteries in the above text.

  1. Were Clement and Michael really spelling their surnames in court with an I but or was that the whim of an English speaking court reporter?
  2. The four minor children removed from Michael's responsibility in 93 appear to not have the same four names as in 92 or 91 but the females names can be interpreted as synonomous.
  3. Is the age of 14 the age of consent in those days? 13 1/2 was the minimum age for being confirmed in the reformed church then.
  4. Wonder how Emma knew Mary was nearly 17 ?
  5. And of course, the terminology of the meaning of "late guardian"? He certainly was not dead or left town. Maybe simply 18th century court English.
  6. What did ever happen to Mary?

The oldest date of Michael in PA is the listing of the 1796 tax rolls as cited in the "Laurel Messenger of Feb 1984.

Elk Lick Township was formed in 1785, the fifth township carved out of Brothersville Twp, Bedford CO. It was one of the six townships which formed Somerset CO when it was erected in 1796. The 1796 assessment record follows:
Clement & Michael Angle (Engle), Benj. Ashmead,..................

This if further confirmation that Adam was born in PA as his birth is calculated to be in Jan 1796. It is also interesting to note the spelling of Angle. In the 1783 assessment the tax assessor referred to Clement Angle. Apparently in the courts it was Ingle and on the tax rolls it was Angle.

It has been reported that Michael Engle and wife Catherine on 5 OCT 1796 sold 134 acres to Nicholas Berndt, location Buffalo Lick Creek, near Pine Hill.


Sometime after 1796, Michael Sr immigrated to Ohio.We find these historic accounts of his years in Ohio:
Quote from HISTORY OF MIAMI CO., OHIO by Miami County Historical Society 1982:

"Michael Ingle is regarded as the first permanent white settler of Newberry Township receiving his land patent on November 15, 1804 and settling at the mouth of Harrison Creek. He is said to have prospected up the Stillwater as early as 1800. He was most noted as a tanner and operated the first tannery in the township. Michael Ingle died May 16, 1838 and was buried on the family farm which is now the Highland Cemetery." (Michael S. Ingle)

The following is excerpted from the "1880 History of Miami County, Newberry Township". According to tradition, the first location made and cabin built in this township was by a South Carolinian named McDonald, on what is known as Harrison's Creek, about two and a half miles northwest of Covington, near the year 1806. In 1807, John Harrison came to Ludlow's Creek, Union Township, remained one season, and returned to South Carolina, accompanied by McDonald, both leaving their lands and cabins.

In 1807, Michael Ingle, having heard of the beautiful little prairie on Stillwater (Michael Williams' Prairie, now Pleasant Hill), prospected up the river, and, finding it occupied, pushed further on to the mouth of Trotter's Creek and made a selection of excellent farming land, in Sections 17 and 20. Mr Ingle was, *461 prior to this, a resident of Montgomery County, and by occupation tanner. Mr. I., immediately began clearing up and improving his purchase, on which he resided until his death, in 1838.

Contemporaneous with Ingle, Samuel Brown purchased and built on the quarter-section with Ingle. Priority of settlement vibrated between these two men, but Brown soon left, and the honor is awarded Ingle as being the first permanent white settler in Newberry Township.

The next were William and John Coats, with one or more sons-in-law of the former, who settled on the northeast quarter of Section 30, cornering with Ingle's purchase on the southwest. William Coats cabin stood about fifty rods northwest of the present Pan-Handle depot, while his son's cabin was near the spring running from the cellar of the Leonidas House, and his son- in-law, Daniel Wright's, cabin stood near and south of the corner of Main and Wright Streets, Covington. Another settler, who's name cannot be ascertained, cleared a few acres and erected a cabin, on the southeast quarter of Section 30 prior to 1810.

Of all these early settlers, none but Ingle remained upon the original location. He added another quarter-section to it, raised it to a high state of cultivation, brought a family of seven sons and four daughters, dividing among his sons a portion of their patrimony, four of whom lived and died upon the same, three sold out and removed to newer States, and today less than eighty acres out of eight hundred purchased by the father remain in the hands of his posterity.

Michael Ingle was honorable, industrious and energetic. He established and conducted the first tannery in the township, and from his customers bore the reputation of turning a good article of leather. He also built one of the first houses in Covington, and dug through the solid rock the first well in the town, which had no companion for a dozen years or more.

His energy sometimes resulted in loss, as on one occasion, in 1825, he harvested a fine crop of wheat, which he had partly hauled in by Saturday evening. "My wheat," he said, "was the first in the ground on Stillwater, and I will have all in the barn before any of my neighbors." It was all housed, and on Monday the barn was struck by lightning and, with its contents, burned.

There are several interesting elements in the above accounts. First, seven boys and 4 girls agrees with the known family records. Second, he moved from Montgomery County to Newberry?

However, the first account suggests he was in Newberry in early 1800 and received a land patent on 15 Nov 1804 some 4 or 5 years earlier than the second account. One has to believe the account with the precise date so 1800-1804 seems the more likely time frame for him appearing in the area.

However, the second account says he arrived in the area with all 11 children which would indeed, put it after 1804. Miami County was carved out of Montgomery CO in 1807, so the reference to ""prior to this, he was a resident of Montgomery CO....." is confusing since he could have been living there before 1807 and still been in Montgomery Cty. Since he left PA around 1796, both accounts suggest he and the family settled for a time some place East of there like Stark County where the last 6 children could have been born.

In the Stark County Genealogy a Michael Engle is listed as an early Osnaburg Twp settler from 1804-1807. Along side his name is a Faust-German Reformed Minister but not until 1820. He could have been "prospecting" for land or (?) in Newberry and received a grant in 1804 but did not move the family until 1807 which then would more or less agree with both accounts above. Stark CO. was actually created in 1808 from Columbiana CO. which itself was carved out of Jefferson CO in 1803. Ohio itself did not become a state until 1803. Further work of course is needed to locate Michael and his family between abt 1796 and 1804 when the last five children were born. Pittsburgh? Green Co. PA?

The Newberry/Covington town cemetery grew out of the Ingle farm cemetery and fortunately a register can be found on-line at: Highland Cemetery-Covington OH Michael is buried in the section described below;

Joe Bosserman in his list of Miami County cemeteries has a separate entry for the Ingle portion of the Highland Cemetery and includes a picture of Michael's gravestone.


This is the oldest section of the cemetery and was once the INGLE Family burying lot before the Highland Cemetery was formed. There are no records of burials in this section in the Highland Cemetery books, except the cards placed in the Highland Card file by the compiler of this work. Joseph H. Bosserman, in 1979. There are many unmarked graves in this section for which there are no records except in God's mind! There are also many unengraved field stones which tell us nothing except someone lies buried there. Many of these graves were moved into this section from smaller grave yards about the township. The German Baptist(Dunker/Tunker/Brethren) Graveyard was moved into this section in 1864 from it's location on the north side of Spring Street, between High and Main Streets where they had their Church. This building was later used as a blacksmith shop. The first burial in the Old Township Section of the Highland Cemetary, according to the readings taken from the stones, was in 1830.

The listing for Michael Sr. and nearby graves is,
"INGLE, Michael, died 16 May 1838, age 68y 10m 21d (78y? 27d?)
------,field stone, hand engraved, very effaced, may have been Catharine, wife of Michael INGLE
------, field stone"

The birthday that is calculated by working backwards, a total of 68y 10m 21d is 26 June 1770. Using the parenthetical comment of 10 years 27d yields a birthday of 19 April 1760. The record from Jacob Lischy proved that he was baptized on 20 July 1760 which indicates the 1770 date is in error. If we assume the 68y 10m 21d was should have been 78y 10m 21d, then the birth day would have been 25 June 1759 which places it over a year before baptism. It is not possible to determine which of the two dates is valid. Scarcity of Reformed preachers back then could have delayed baptism for as much as a year.

Despite all some confusions in the record, it is clear that Michael was an early pioneer of Ohio and successfully raised 11 children to adulthood through diligence and skills as a tanner and farmer. As the youngest brother, he must have felt motivated to make his own mark as he left the support of Peter Jr. by 1786 Frederick MD and Clement in 1796 Salisbury PA.

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