Clemens Engels

Clemens Engels son of Caspar II

English translation from the Ancestry File notes of Henri Engels of Strasbourg France
Henri also furnished the picture of an 18th century bayonet made by the Klingenthal foundry

Note: Immigrated with his family to the "Manufacture royale d'armes blanches d'Alsace" [Royal manufacturing plant of bladed weapons of Alsace] around 1730-31 where he will work as a blacksmith of bayonets, with his father Caspar and his brothers Johann Peter, Johann Caspar and Peter.

The manufacturing of bayonets must have been a family business. From 1731 to 1736, out of a total of 96,681 weapons produced, 34,290 were bayonets, which rapidly became the main production of the manufacturing plant. 16,637 will be sold during that period.

Bayonets, until then, were produced only by the firearm manufacturing plants in Charleville, St-Etienne and in Maubeuge. As far as the bayonets manufactured in the Klingenthal are concerned, their quality and durability were far superior - although they would sell for 26 Sols [their monetary unit], against 25 Sols for those made by the firearm manufacturing plants.

On 29 January 1737, Bauyn d'Angervillier, Minister of War, announces to Dupas, Artillery Lieutenant, in Strasbourg that the King is inclined to draw the supply of bayonets from the Royal Manufacturing Plant of Alsace instead of continuing to have them made in the firearm manufacturers. Actually, the troops are complaining about the poor quality of those bayonets.

Although Clemens, with the other members of his family, were part of the first nucleus of the population of the village, the conditions of life for him were not very easy; the lodging built hastily above the workshops was sparse and not comfortable. Disappointment was great among these proud workers to whom a lot of promises had been made in order to attract them from Solingen.

On 15 September 1736, he obtains a bonus of 40 pounds. Is it this little nest-egg that makes him decide to leave the Klingenthal or is it the death of his father-in-law Heinrich ZEHNDNER (17 July 1737) which makes him follow his wife to her birthplace, Pfalzweyer [also in Bas-Rhin, Alsace]? It is in that year that he left the Klingenthal because, on 6 December 1737, he is a godfather in Tieffenbach [also in Bas-Rhin, Alsace], and is recognized as an inhabitant of Pfalzweyer. Clemens will live for a few years in Hangviller before establishing permanently in Rauwiller, where he will be the initiator of the cottage-industry of cutlery.

Look for the "actes notaries" [official papers written by a notary] in Sarre-Union (A.D.B.R. 6E35 / vol. 120-121) concerning the dates: 26 April 1748, "Ubergabe" July 1773, 8 July 1774, 19 October 1780, 15 June 1787, 22 December 1791.

In his Will of 8 July 1774, a note specifies that he concluded, on 15 November 1749, a "UNIONEM PROLIUM" which was ratified by the Princely Authorities on 18 June 1754.

UNIONEM PROLIUM [explanation in German first] : the children of a first marriage have the same rights as those of a second marriage; this also applies to the second spouse.

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